There are many arguments going on in the world about cloning. How does it benefit us, as humans, and whether or not it is worth all the money that is put into research? While some scientists argue that cloning will change the world into a better place, other scientists are having second thoughts whether or not it is worthwhile. Cloning is considered possible with plants, animals and humans. But while scientists are trying to find more reasons that would support cloning, let’s talk about the reasons why cloning may not be a solution for problems that humanity has in these three fields.
Cloning plants and animals may have some pros, for example, it may help create species, especially nutritional plants and food producing animals that will withstand more diseases. But at the same time it creates a situation in which efforts to fully clone both, will eventually result in lack of DNA distinction. Even with all modern technologies and knowledge that scientists have access to, they are not able to predict behavior of viruses and other unexpected things that cloned species will have to face in the future. So with viruses evolving and mutating, minimum diversity in genes will eventually lead to species extinction, as they will not be able to enhance survivability.
When it comes to cloning humans, arguments become far more complex. The problem with lack of genetic variability is also relevant with humans though. If the whole population has same genetic substance, one virus can expunge the entire population. Another reason why people argue on the subject of cloning humans is religious and moral beliefs. From religious point of view, cloning is defined as “messing with God” and even if it will be possible someday, clones will be soulless creatures. From moral and ethical standpoint, cloning will not only diminish the value of human life, but will also induce natural ways of reproduction of mankind to become spurned and forgotten. One more reason against cloning is fear that someone someday will decide to create super clones with intelligence and power far beyond of an average human. What will that mean for normal, average humans that were not produced by cloning methods? Will that mean that normal humans will actually be considered lower level of society? So far there are no answers to these questions. And of course, the last, but nevertheless a very important argument, is the cost. It creates a question whether or not cloning would be an option to all levels of society, or would the prices be so high that only a few will be able to afford it? As of today, natural way of reproductions is definitely the cheapest one.
No doubt the discussion about pros and cons of cloning is far from over, leaving people to decide which direction to take on this matter. But as science continues to develop and technology continues to advance, it is possible, that one day cloning will not be a novelty anymore. But it will probably leave humanity with a far more important question, as to how to put it to the right use.