Without proper precaution, mining have negative consequences on the environments, ecosystems, water, beautiful sceneries and the landscapes. Remains from the mines can interrupt with mountains stream because of surface mining; for instance, mountaintop and acid liquid can pour from the underground mine fields(knibbs,67-74).
Mining of coal also has adverse and harmful effects on the environment. Its effects on water are manifested during flooding days. They cause dangerous damage on housing, roads, carrying away plant activities and the mine itself. Surface mining affects the groundwater this is because of impact of the drainage of usable water from the mines; the level of water can be lowered in the surrounding areas thus making it change its course and the aftermath is the contamination of the usable water due to chemical and poor quality of water from the mine. More so, there is formation of sulphuric acid when the minerals are oxidized with air. This will lead to formation of acidic rain that may corrode the roofs of the houses in the neighborhood and also increase the acidity of the soil leading to infertility of soils. Emissions and byproducts produced after burning coal includes; nitrogen dioxide which lead to formation of photochemical smog and acid after oxidation with air, particulates that can respiratory diseases to both human beings and animals. The carbon monoxide emitted is not fit for human thereby causing respiratory problems to the workers in the mines (Wesley, 51-68).
Water that is drained in the streams affects aquatic life because this water contains harmful chemicals that contaminate streams. More over, wildlife is also affected in that when the land surface is redistributed and removed, these species are displaced from areas of mining. Those animals that move like birds, game and other animals vacate these areas while reptiles and other burrowing rodents are destroyed for ever. Furthermore, since most animals depend on grass grown in drainages as food, for nesting and protection from enemies, these activities distorts their lives completely leaving them vulnerable to death.
To some extend mining activities have some positive impact on wildlife in that when these fields are broken, it creates openings which acts as there home. Food and cover plants can be introduced to these places for the benefit of the entire wildlife (Dysart & Clawson 55-68).