Nowadays, drug abuse is a serious problem throughout the world. In many countries the situation is simply catastrophic, as people die from drug abuse and psychotropic substances on a daily basis. Drug addiction is largely a consequence of poor social conditions: unemployment, uncertainty in future, daily stress, severe neuropsychiatric states. All this gives reason to escape from reality into the world of illusions with the help of drug intoxication.
What are drugs? Drugs – are substances that cause toxic poisoning, psychological and physical dependence of the body. Drug use threatens human health and social status. According to the WHO (World Health Organization) classification, the list of drugs includes: alcohol, opiates, cannabis, sedatives, cocaine, stimulants (including caffeine), hallucinogens, tobacco, and light substances (glue, aerosols, solvents).
The main feature of drugs is that they cause drug addiction – a disease that makes a mental and physical well-being and mood entirely dependent on the availability of drug dose in the body. In case of its absence the abstinence syndrome develops, an extremely serious condition, accompanied by seizures, severe pain in muscles and internal organs. Mental dependence is manifested by the fact that a drug addict wants to achieve internal balance and strives again and again to experience and test the effect of a drug.
The dependence on a drug becomes destructive when: it limits the individual in self-realization; has a negative impact on relations between people; destroys the family budget; creates conflicts between the individual and society; leads to a permanent increase in a dose of a drug; causes psychological and physiological dependence.
Among the most spread causes of the drug abuse are: interest in drugs, in new experiences, willingness to try the “Forbidden fruit”; loss of life goals, severe mental shock, feelings of loneliness, lack of attention and support from parents, friends, teachers, and psychologists; dissatisfaction that arises on the basis of permanent conflicts in family, at school or work; peer pressure. However, with a thorough treatment and constant support from family and friends, any addiction, including the drug abuse can be defeated. The first and the hardest step for the people that suffer from drug abuse is to realize and admit that they have an addiction and listen to the people around, who can see better the destructive effects drugs have on their life.