The word “Bible” is of the ancient Greek origin and means “book”. Nowadays, we define not all them with this word, but one particular book, that consists of several dozen religious works. For Christians, the Bible is unshakeable truth, the word of God, which consists of 66 books, recorded by 40 different authors over 1500 years. People of different origins and different classes recorded the Bible: kings, peasants, philosophers, fishermen, poets, statesmen and scholars. It was also recorded with the help of three languages: the ancient Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. The Bible contains various moral lessons and character descriptions that reveal not only their strengths but also weaknesses.
The first part, Old Testament, was written in the language of Old pre-Christian times. Today we take for granted that we can go into any bookstore and buy a printed version of the Bible; however, that was not always the case. For centuries, Christians, who wanted to learn the contents of the Bible had only access to images of individual stories from the book in the form of wood carvings, church frescoes, paintings and legends. For ordinary people, the Bible was not available; some of them could only read it in churches. Of course, the main reason was that there were only few copies of them, and the only way they could be multiplied was by rewriting, which took a very long time. It is difficult even to imagine that the book, parts of which are 3400 years old, for almost 85% of the time was spread exclusively by hand.
The formation of the Bible took more than 35,000 years. The stories in these books do not contain anything supernatural. Social existence and its conditions generated some religious movements and rules which found its ideological expression in a number of literary and religious works. The diversity of these works can be explained by numerous authors of these works that came from different historical eras, countries and class groups. Of course, a lot of facts and stories from the Bible lack explanation even today, but the age of the book can be blamed for that, as it is a work of antiquity. We can only hope that more information on the origin and history of the Bible will be discovered and explored as a result of recent archaeological discoveries or new philosophical research.