Throughout history, every era exemplifies modernism within its own aspects. However, “trying to define modernism can be a frustrating exercise. As a style, it is less coherent, its boundaries looser, than, say, classicism. Many critics would argue that modernism is not even a singular style, that it incorporates a great variety of aesthesis and sensibilities (Bose 2008).” Modernism includes more than just art and literature. “Realistic, illusionist art had dissembled the medium, using art to conceal art. Modernism used art to call attention to art (Frascina, Harrison and Paul 1982).” Modernism began approximately between World War I and around the early 1970s, and it is believed the foundation of modernist particularly primary evolved within Europe.
The European modernists permeated their superlative work “with an inherent morality and social consciousness and were often associated with left-wing politics (Bose 2008).” European modernists were also significantly influenced by the emerging manufacture of technology within the time era. As a result, they quickly began to embrace creations entailing materials within their revolutionary creations, such as glass, concrete and steel. They also avoided patterns and embellishment designs and eliminated any idea of the famous art nouveau and Victorian styles that were exemplified within the past. Though, modernism evolved within the European culture, the idea of modernism quickly developed within the American culture. As a result, American architecture Frank Lloyd Wright became greatly influenced within the modernism techniques. Though, Frank Lloyd Wright vigorously opposed being categorized as a modernist, it is extremely evident that modernist architecture would have been dissimilar and not the same without him.
Wright’s first revolutionary masterpiece from his own practice was the Winslow House built in 1893 in River Forest, Illinois. This home for his first client, William Winslow, clearly portrayed Wright’s direction in architecture with its expansive, open proportions. Wright believed that architecture should create a natural link between mankind and his environment. “Organic architecture” as Wright came to call his work, should reflect the individual needs of the client, the nature of the site, and the native materials available. Some of Wright’s most notable designs during this period were for “Prairie Houses.” These houses reflected the long, low horizontal Prairie on which they sat. They had low pitched roofs, deep overhangs, no attics or basements, and generally long rows of casement windows that further emphasized the horizontal theme. He used native materials and the woodwork was stained, never painted, to bring out its natural beauty. This was his first effort at creating a new, indigenous American architecture. Other Chicago architects were also working in this same manner and the movement became known as “The Prairie School (Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation 2011).”
Wright encouraged several types of organic and unrefined architecture, and also developed the perception if the Usonian home. Wright’s work included numerous innovative and creative examples of diverse types of building, such as offices, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums. Wright also designed majority of the interior fundamentals within his building, which include elements of stained glass and furniture.
Frank Lloyd Wright was well known for his modernism architecture and especially his perception of the Usonian houses. In 1936, Frank Lloyd Wright developed his series of architecture homes that he referred to as Usonian. A ‘Usonia’ home was a term used by the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright in relation for his type design and visualization of his architecture he creates. ‘Usonian’ homes were specifically designed to maintain costs since they were developed during the penetration of economical depression within the United Stated. As a result, ‘Usonian’ homes are usually small, single-story residence without much extra storage space, and typically had no attics, no basement and very little decorations and enhancement.